A Critique of the Openness Case for Creation ex Nihilo

David Paulsen, Spencer Noorlander


Citing biblical scholarship, we aim to critique open theists’ argument that creation ex nihilo is founded in the Bible. We will examine John 1:1-3, Colossians 1:16, Hebrews 11:3, Romans 4:17, 2 Maccabees 7:28, and Wisdom of Solomon 11:17, and demonstrate how these scriptures not only fail to prove that creation ex nihilo is the only possible biblical interpretation, but also are more plausibly read as favoring creation ex materia.

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